Green Housekeeping: Your Ultimate Guide to Home Composting

Composting your garden and kitchen waste is a great way to reduce the amount of waste you dispose of in your rubbish bin. Apart from having recycle bins and external rubbish bins, home composting repurposes your biodegradable wastes and puts them to good use. Not only does it help to reduce global warming, but also provides a free source of rich compost to help improve your garden. Get your recycle bins ready for gardening!

recycle bins

This article tackles the appropriate steps for you to ditch throwing wastes in the external bins and recycle:

How does home composting help to reduce global warming?

When organic waste is sent to external waste bins and landfill sites, it is compressed under tons of other types of waste. The organic waste, therefore, does not have sufficient access to air, which prevents it from being able to decompose properly. Instead of decomposing, methane gas is produced which contributed to global warming.

The Compost Bin

The first step to start composting at home is to get a compost bin. There are two options – make your own compost bin or buy one. Compost bins and recycle bins can be bought from most garden centers and DIY stores. The next step is to decide where to locate the compost bin. This is an important step as it can affect the quality of the compost that is produced. For best results place the bin in a well-drained area with good access to sunlight. The drainage will enable excess water to drain out of the compost and placing the bin in a sunny spot helps to speed up the composting process.

What can I put in my compost bin?

There are loads of everyday waste items from your kitchen and garden that can go into your compost bin. These are broken down into ‘greens’ and ‘browns’. Greens are items that provide moisture and nitrogen and are quick to rot.

Items classed as ‘Greens’ includes:

– Vegetable peelings

– Fruit

– Tea bags

– Grass cuttings

– Leaves

– Weeds, nettles, etc.

‘Browns’ are items that take longer to rot but provide essential pockets of air, along with fiber and carbon. This includes items such as:

– Cardboard egg boxes

– Egg shells (crushed)

– Newspapers (scrunched up)

– Cereal boxes

– Toilet and kitchen roll tubes

– Shredded paper

– Dry hedge clippings and twigs

How do I make a good quality compost?

In order to make a good quality compost, it is important to use a good mix of both ‘green’ and ‘brown’ wastes. It is simply a case of monitoring the compost and adding more waste depending on the look of the compost. For example, if it looks too dry add more ‘green’ waste, and if it looks too wet add more ‘brown’ waste. Every so often it is also a good idea to mix or turn the contents of your compost bin to add air.

How long will it take for my compost to be ready to use?

This will vary depending on the mixture of waste that is placed into the compost bin, the surrounding conditions and the weather. In general it should take between 6 and 9 months for your finished compost to be ready to use. See more at EcoBin.

 

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